ASTM D5487 Drop Integrity Testing

ASTM D5487 Drop Testing of Loaded Containers

ASTM D5487 drop testing uses shock machines to simulate the drops of packages and containers. As an ISTA and ISO 17025 certified lab, we realize the importance of shock testing of a simulated drop of loaded containers. Meeting the ASTM D5487 package testing requirements can be difficult. We understand compliance testing challenges and guide companies through the process. 

When packages do not meet the requirements, Keystone Package Testing assists with finding solutions. We are in constant communication throughout the test process. Keystone provides comprehensive reports shortly after completion of the testing. Our accurate test reports are delivered quickly.

Request a quote and find out first hand about our competitive pricing, timely process, and outstanding reputation. Have a question about simulated drop testing? Contact us and we will determine the best course of action.

Summary of ASTM D5487 Shock Machine Testing

ASTM D5487 introduces the procedures of using shock machines to replicate the effects of vertical drops. Furthermore, the standard evaluates drops of loaded shipping containers, cylindrical containers, bags, pouches, and sacks.

The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

Shipping containers and interior packaging materials are used to protect their contents from the hazards faced in handling, transportation, and storage. Shock is one of the more troublesome of these hazards. Free-fall drop testing often stresses the test specimen. The product is subject to drops that are not perpendicular to the dropping surface.

Scope of ASTM D5487 Drop of Loaded Containers Testing

An ASTM D5487 test lab initiates controlled shock input by shock machines. This provides a convenient method for evaluating the ability of shipping containers, interior packaging materials, and contents to withstand shocks. Results are produced by simulated free-fall drop testing of package systems. The frequency of the shock pulse is at least three times that of the package system’s natural frequency.

As in most mechanical shock test procedures, fixturing of the package on the shock test machine may have a significant influence on the test result. Generally, packages are firmly held on the table by securing some type of cross member across the top of the package.

The testing and number of test specimens depend on the specific purposes and needs of the test. Regardless of which procedure is used, the containers are strapped and/or closed in the same manner that will be used in preparing it for shipment.

Significance of ASTM D 5487 Shock Machine Testing


Prior to ASTM D5487 shock transportation testing, conditioning and samples must be clarified. The sampling and number of test specimen depend on the specific purposes and needs of this testing. When the standard is used to evaluate the package’s protection characteristics, the package is recommended to be constructed with actual contents as intended.

Regardless of which procedure is used, the container is closed or strapped in the same manner that will be used in preparing it for shipment. Generally, atmospheres for conditioning are selected using ASTM D4332.

Method A: Unstrained Testing

Standard test method A uses the movement of the specimen that is controlled so a second impact is prevented. The test is continued until the required members have been impacted.

Method B: Restrained Testing

Method B restrains the movement of the loaded container so that the shock pulse is directly transmitted to the test specimen. Similar to Method A, the specimen is examined and the test continues until the required members have been impacted.

Test Report

The information from the report includes:

  • Materials used
  • Spacing
  • Size
  • Kinds of fasteners
  • Velocity change
  • Free-fall drop height
  • Input shock duration
  • The response of the natural frequency must also be recorded.
  • Description of the contents

General information within the report will include the date, location, time, and specific technician. Lastly, the report must be noted with a complete description of any fixturing used for positioning corner and edge drops.

Expert ASTM D5487 Laboratory Simulated Drop Testing

Keystone has a full scope of expertise including sterile barrier, inclined impact, and vibration. Our team strives to give our customers more time and energy on product development instead of testing. Keystone has a full lab of test equipment which permits us to provide short lead times on scheduling.

Ready to get started? Request a quote to discuss your simulated drop of loaded containers by shock machines testing needs.


For more referenced ASTM standards and similar testing, please follow the links below:


Interested in the EMC/EMI, climatic, dynamic, shielding effectiveness, or IP Code testing of a product? Follow the corresponding links or for more information.