ASTM D880 Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems

ASTM D880 identifies the results of impacts on a shipping container. As an ISTA and ISO 17025 certified lab, we realize the importance of impact testing. Meeting the ASTM D880 requirements can be difficult. We understand the challenges and guide companies through the process.

Our proven process helps avoid product launch delays. Keystone Package Testing partners with customers to achieve package compliance. We are in constant communication throughout the test process. Keystone proudly provides accurate test reports that are quickly delivered.

Request a quote to see why so many companies partner with Keystone Package Testing. Have a question about single parcel delivery package testing? Contact us and we will determine the best course of action.

Summary of ASTM D880 Shipping Containers Testing

The test standard has two procedures. Procedure A tests the ability of the shipping container to withstand impacts. Procedure B tests the ability of the shipping container to provide protection to the contents. For Procedure B, the definition of shipping container includes the outer container as well as the interior packing.

ASTM D880 can be applied to a number of containers. These include but are not limited to bags, barrels, boxes, crates, drums, kegs, pails and sacks. The standard also allows for the testing of pallet loads and palletized units. Heavily loaded units can be tested to this standard.

Scope of ASTM Impact Package Testing

Why is impact testing important? Impacts are a common occurrence in transportation. Regardless of the method of shipment, air, sea, rail or over the road, impacts are common. They can occur as containers are dropped from one surface to another. They can occur as containers are placed on top of each other. Impacts happen during normal actions, but can also happen by accident.

Significance of ASTM D880 Container Package Testing

An ASTM D880 test lab will require a different container setup based on the procedure being tested. For instance, in Procedure A, either the actual contents or dummy contents can be used in the container. For Procedure B, only the actual contents can be used. Regardless of the contents, the container should be strapped, closed and sealed as it would be when it is transported.

Upon completion of the testing, a test report is completed. The test report will contain the following information:

  • Reference to the test standard and any deviations from the procedure.
  • A description of the test specimen in sufficient detail for proper identification.
  • A description of the contents.
  • An identification of the purpose of the test.
  • An identification of the apparatus used to complete the testing. This would include the angle of incline, when appropriate. The instrumentation used to include information on the last calibration. Details of any modification to either the test apparatus or instrumentation.
  • The method of conditioning the container prior to testing.
  • A description of the test sequence. Details of the impact velocity of each test. The orientation of the test specimen on the carriage. When necessary, the use of any hazards. If hazards are used, the dimensions, weight, material and location should be carefully specified.
  • Details of any damage should be accurately included. If damage has occurred, the lab should note any observations that may assist in correctly interpreting the results. The test lab is also permitted and encouraged to include any recommendations for improving the design of the container, method of packing, blocking or cushioning.

Expert ASTM D880 Impact Package Testing

Keystone can accommodate flexible and rigid packages of all sizes, including large pallets. We have a full lab of test equipment which permits us to provide short lead times on scheduling. In addition to impact package testing, Keystone has a full scope of expertise including cold chain, sterile barrier, and vibration.

Request a quote to learn first hand why so many companies partner with Keystone to achieve their ASTM D880 certification needs.


For more referenced ASTM standards and similar testing, please follow the links below:

  • ASTM D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
  • ASTM D4003 Test Methods for Programmable Horizontal Impact Test for Shipping Containers and Systems
  • ASTM D4332 Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing
  • ASTM D5277 Test Method for Performing Programmed Horizontal Impacts Using an Inclined Impact Tester
  • ASTM E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
  • ISO 2244 Horizontal Impact Test (Horizontal or Incline Plane Test: Pendulum Test)