ISO 2234 Stacking Tests Using a Static Load
ISO 2234 assesses the strength of a package or unit load when subjected to stacking. As an ISTA and ISO 17025 certified lab, we realize the importance of international safe transit testing. Meeting the ISO 2234 package integrity requirements can be difficult. We understand the challenges and guide companies through the process.
Keystone’s package testing labs quickly create an accurate test plan to eliminate expensive over-testing. When packages do not meet the requirements, we assist with finding solutions. Keystone Package Testing partners with customers to achieve package compliance.
Summary of ISO 2234 Filled Transport Package and Unit Load Information
The international standard specifies three methods. These test protocols carry out a stacking test on a complete, filled transport package or unit load. Whichever method is used, the test method assesses the performance of a package, in terms of its strength or the protection it offers to its contents when it is subjected to stacking.
This ISO 2234 test procedure may be performed either as a single test or as part of a sequence of tests. The single test investigates the effects of stacking. The sequence of tests measures the ability of a package or unit load to withstand a distribution system that includes a stacking hazard.
Scope of ISO 2234 Complete, Filled Transport Packages and Unit Loads
The test item is placed on a flat, horizontal surface and subjected to an evenly distributed load applied from above. The load, atmospheric conditions, period of time under load, and attitude of the test item are predetermined.
Wherever possible, the test is to be carried out in atmospheric conditions identical to those used for conditioning. In other circumstances, the test shall be carried out in atmospheric conditions which approximate those used for conditioning, as closely as practicable.
Method 1 – Stack of test items, each item being identical with the item under test. The number of test items is such that their total mass forms an appropriate load.
Method 2 – Loading platform, free to tilt to an equilibrium position on the test item, together with an appropriate load.
Method 3 – Loading platform, such that the lower surface is constrained to remain horizontal, together with an appropriate load.
If methods 2 and 3 are being used, the masses are placed making up the load on a platform without impact. This ensures that they are in full contact with the loading platform being released. The load is applied for a required period of time or until collapse.
Lastly, the load is removed and the test item is examined.
Significance of ISO 2234 Static Load Package Testing
The test is used to investigate the performance of handling equipment under particular conditions of loading. For example, when the bottom package in a stack rests on an open-decked pallet load. Another example includes when the profile of the superimposed load is eccentric, as when it is supported on the bearers of a single decked pallet that rests on a container.
Expert ISO 2234 Stacking Tests Using a Static Load
Keystone has a full lab of test equipment which permits us to provide short lead times on scheduling. We can accommodate flexible and rigid packages of all sizes, including large pallets. Our team strives to give our customers more time and energy on product development instead of testing.
Request a quote to learn first hand why so many companies partner with Keystone to achieve their ISO 2234 performance testing and supply chain certification needs.
For more ISO testing standards, follow the links below:
- ISO 535: Water Absorptiveness Testing
- ISO 2233: Temperature Conditioning Package Testing
- ISO 2234 Stacking Tests Using a Static Load
- ISO 2247: Packaging for Vibration Tests at Low-Frequency Vibrations
- ISO 8318: Vibration Tests Using Variable Frequencies
- ISO 11607: Package Validation
- ISO 12048: Compression and Stacking Package Testing
- ISO 13355: Vertical Random Vibration Testing