ISTA 2B Package Testing

The ISTA Procedure 2B package testing is the standard that simulates transportation hazards for packaged-products over 150 pounds. This test simulates the transport hazards. They do not necessarily comply with carrier packaging regulations.

Transit testing using ISTA 2B provides a number of benefits. There is a shortened package development time. There is also a greater confidence in the product launch. The increased protection of products will increase profits. It will also reduce product damage. An intangible benefit is greater customer satisfaction from reduced returns. This leads to increased return business.

As with most ISTA tests, the shipper must determine a number of variables before testing starts. First, what constitutes damage to the product. Next, when damage tolerance is permissible. What is an acceptable package condition at the completion of the testing.

ISTA 2B involves a number of test sequences. Atmospheric precondition and atmospheric conditioning are the first two. The next sequence is compression. Compression can be completed in one of three ways. The first is machine apply and release. The next is machine apply and hold. The final is weight and load spreader. The shipper must determine the method to use.

Following compression is vibration, which can be either fixed displacement testing or random vibration testing. Shock is another area that requires the shipper to select from one of three alternative methods. One method is drop testing. Another method is incline impact testing. The final method available is horizontal impact testing. Following the first sequence of shock testing, there is another sequence of shock testing using rotational edge drop testing. The following test sequence is another round of vibration testing.

When completing the compression testing, it is important to consider that box failure that could result in a stacking failure is not always considered a test failure. It is a failure if the packaged-product may be warehoused during distribution. It is not a failure if it is not going to be warehoused.

Included below is a chart outlining the test sequence of ISTA 2B shipping testing:

The chart below is from the standard and provides more guidance on the testing procedure and requirements:

Sequence #Test CategoryTest TypeFor ISTA Certification
1Atmospheric PreconditioningTemperature and HumidityRequired
2Atmospheric conditioningControlled Temperature and HumidityRequired
3CompressionMachine Apply and Release/Machine Apply and Hold/Weight and Load SpreaderRequired
4Vibration (alternative methods allowed-select one test type)Fixed Displacement/RandomRequired
5Shock (alternative methods allowed-select one test type)Drop/Incline Impact (conbur)/Horizontal ImpactRequired
6ShockRotational Edge DropRequired when not testing face 1
7Vibration (alternative methods allowed-select one test type)Fixed Displacement/RandomRequired

Upon completion of the testing, the shipper will receive a test report from Keystone Package Testing. That test report will include the results of the testing and photos of the packaged-product before and after each test. This test report will be submitted by the shipper to ISTA. ISTA will review the report and issues transit tested package certification or an acknowledgement.

As a certified package test lab, Keystone Package Testing assists shippers throughout the entire package testing process. We provide timely and affordable quotes. We have significant amounts of equipment meaning that scheduling typically has short lead times. Our trained technicians and engineers assist shippers when challenges arise. They have seen hundreds if not thousands of packages and can make recommendation on design or material changes. Contact us to learn why so many shippers choose Keystone Package Testing for their ISTA 2B package testing needs.

 

Other ISTA Standards: