ISTA 2C Package Testing

ISTA Testing Procedure 2C outlines the necessary package testing for furniture packaging. Specifically, this procedure covers testing of individually packages products of furniture (case goods) for shipment.

The transit testing for this procedure involves four test sequences. The first is atmospheric preconditioning. The package must be soaked at ambient room temperature for at least 12 hours before testing must commence.

The next test sequence is atmospheric conditioning, which is optional but recommended. During this sequence, the package is subjected to one or more of a variety of conditions. These conditions include extreme cold temperatures, extreme hot temperatures, high humidity and low humidity. There are also suggested conditions that change from one range to another. The typical soak time for the conditioning is 72 hours. The objective of this testing is to identify the package’s performance at anticipated atmospheric limits. This will provide the seller with insight on how detrimental these extremes will be the furniture packaging.

The next test sequence in ISTA 2C testing is vibration testing. This test sequence requires random testing under a dynamic load. The top load simulates freight on top of a floor loaded shipping unit in a 108-inch trailer. There are three levels of top load test levels. Level one is 12 pounds per foot cubed. Level two is 10 pounds per foot cubed. Level three is eight pounds per foot cubed. The level three method assumes that the carrier uses air-ride trucks. There are several requirements for the top load. It must be larger than the test specimen. However, it must not overhang the specimen by more than one and a half inches. It must also spread the weight out evenly across the entire test unit.

The final test sequence is shock testing. The shipper will have the ability to select a method of shock testing from one of three different choices. The first available method is drop testing. The second method is incline impact testing. The final available method is horizontal impact testing.

Included below is a chart outlining the test sequences and providing some additional information on ISTA Procedure 2C package testing for furniture.

Sequence #Test CategoryTest TypeFor ISTA Certification
1Atmospheric PreconditioningTemperature and HumidityRequired
2Atmospheric conditioningControlled Temperature and HumidityOptional
3VibrationUnder Dynamic Load RandomRequired
4ShockDrop/Exception One and Two Incline (Conbur)/         Alternative Horizontal ImpactRequired

Keystone Package Testing is an ISTA-certified package test lab. We have significant experience testing to ISTA 2C. Our technicians and engineers are capable of making recommendations when test failures occur. Whether it be a change to the package design or package materials, we can assist with overcoming obstacles. We have a lab full of equipment allowing us to expedite the test process. We also provide concise test reports in a timely manner. Hundreds of companies partner with Keystone on an annual basis. Contact us to witness firsthand why so many companies rely on Keystone Package Testing for their package testing needs.

 

Other ISTA Standards: