TAPPI T804 Compression Test of Fiberboard Shipping Containers
TAPPI T804 measures the ability of a corrugated or solid fiber shipping container to resist compressive forces. As an ISTA and ISO 17025 certified lab, we realize the importance of TAPPI T804 compression testing. Meeting the T804 requirements can be difficult. We understand the challenges and guide companies through the process.
Keystone Package Testing partners with customers to achieve package compliance. We have a reputation for helping customers achieve their package certifications. We provide comprehensive reports shortly after the completion of the testing. Keystone takes a consultative approach throughout the entire test program.
Request a quote to see why so many companies partner with Keystone Package Testing. Have a question about our TAPPI or compression test capabilities? Contact us and we will determine the best course of action.
Summary of TAPPI T804 Compression Testing of Fiberboard Shipping Containers
This standard test method determines the resistance of fiberboard shipping containers to compressive forces. To achieve this, the container is placed between two platens. One of the platens is either mechanically or hydraulically driven to compress the unit under testing.
TAPPI T804 may be conducted when the container is empty. However, this does not apply if the overall performance is to be evaluated. If the previous is true, the container is loaded with its contents and inner packaging.
The compressive forces found in this test are related to the forces exerted on containers in stacks or encountered in transportation. TAPPI T804 is also used to compare the compressive resistance of containers deferring in construction or design.
TAPPI T804 Package Test Procedures
Prior to the start of the test method, the samples are conditioned to TAPPI T402. At least five samples must be tested for each direction specified.
Generally, it is important that a flap closure be used to ensure consistent results. A sealing board used for T804 should be wooden boards thick enough to apply the sealing pressure uniformly.
Next, the containers are centered to the bottom platen of the compression machine. The load indicator is adjusted to zero. The lowest load range is selected with the greatest anticipated test load. A preload is applied. This will ensure definite platen contact in most instances.
The initial preload is 5% of the maximum compression resistance. Next, a load is applied at a relative rate of 13.0 mm/min.
Readings are taken at each 2.5mm deformation if a recording device is not used.
After the completion of the test, a report is composed of the following information:
- Dimensions of the container, style, flute, flute direction, grade of material, and type of manufacturer’s joint
- Method of closure
- Number of specimens tested
- A graph of the loads sustained and corresponding deformations
- Orientation in which the containers were tested
- Test results
Keystone’s Compression Testing Equipment and Capabilities
Keystone Package Testing is capable of performing compression standards such as ASTM D642, ASTM D4169, NMFC ITEM 180, and ISTA 3E. Our new, state-of-the-art compression tester has the capability of 45,000 lbs. Additionally, Keystone utilizes more than two dozen climatic chambers. These chambers range from small reach-in to large walk-in chambers up to 1,300 cubic feet.
Expert TAPPI T804 Compression Package Test Lab
In addition to TAPPI T804 package testing, Keystone has a full scope of expertise including vibration, temperature validation, and accelerated aging. Keystone has a full lab of test equipment which permits us to provide short lead times on scheduling. Our team strives to give our customers more time and energy on product development instead of testing.
For more information on other TAPPI package test standards, please visit the following links:
- TAPPI 402 Conditioning for Paper and Related Products
- TAPPI/ANSI 453 Effect of Dry Heat
- TAPPI T544 Aging of Paper and Board Moist Heat Testing
- TAPPI T804 Compression Test of Fiberboard Shipping Containers
- TAPPI T807 Bursting Strength of Paperboard and Linerboard Package Testing
- TAPPI T810 Bursting Strength of Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard
- TAPPI 844 Determining Construction of Corrugated Boards